causes of death in head injury

 

Causes of death following head injury include the following;

alcohol and head injury

 

Case reports in the forensic literature describe the adverse synergistic effect of moderate alcohol intoxication - blood alcohol concentration typically in the region of 200 mg/dL – and moderate head/ facial injury; typically soft tissue injuries sustained from blows from fists or a ‘kicking’.

Concussive brain injury (a transient interruption of brain functions) does not usually result in apnea, whilst  'concussion with alcohol' does, resulting in lethal respiratory depression.

It has also been postulated that post-traumatic bradycardia may result in sudden death following a mild head injury, possibly exacerbated by alcohol.

brain swelling and herniation

 

Brain herniation types

1. Uncal

2. Transtentorial (central)

3. Cingulate (subfalcine)

4. Transcalvarial

5. Upward transtentorial

6. Tonsillar (cerebellar)

 

Source: Wikipedia

 

Further reading

herniation sysndromes - anatomy

 

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